1475 Michelangelo (1475-1564) creates hundreds of models
in clay, wax, and stucco for his sculptures, buildings,
1531 Michelangelo gives his student Antonio Mini
two large boxes of models. Mini takes the
models to Paris and dies shortly after ariving there.
1532 Florintine Sculptor Giovanni Rustici(1474-1554)
happened to be in Paris at the time, when Mini died.
Rustici, returned some of the models, probably the 40, to Florence
Italy. As a student Rustici would have recognized the
work of his teacher Michelangelo. He probably took the
smallest models that would survive the trip back to Italy.
1533 Michelangelo summoned the sculptor Ribolo(1485-1550)
to Florence from Loreto and gave him the allegorical
figure of Earth and Heaven to work on for the Medici Chapel
1564 Michelangelo dies. A few weeks before he dies Michelangelo orders
all his drawings, sketches, and models be destroyed. The Sistine
cartoon were destroyed as were many other works of art. Michelangelo
did this because he did not want others to know how he worked.
15?? Tintoretto(1518-1594) ended up with some of
the models who made sketches
of them and used them in the background of some of his
paintings after Miochelangelo died.
15?? Johann Gregor Van der Schardt also may have
acquired some of the models after the masters
158? Vasari gets the collection
1598 Either Vasari's heir, Chevalier George Vasari
or Johann Gregor Van der Schardt (according to
Soethby's sell the model collection
the rich Silk king"
Paul Van Pruan(1548-1616) in Bologna, Italy. Praun was collecting artifacts of
famous artists of the time.
1616 At his death, Von Prauns art collection was moved
to his heirs in Nuremberg, Germany, as a "Family Trust"
according to Von Prauns will said the art collection could never
be sold. After his death and untill it was sold
nothing was added to the collecttion.
The collection became a privately owned
treasure of that city and was known as the famous "Praunsche Kabinett".
1797 Charistophe Theophile Murr compiles a catalogue of the items in
the Von Praun Collection. According to the the Murr Catalgue
Von Pruan collection included over 250 paintings; 2 by Raphael,
1 byLeonardo de Vinci, 2 by Andrea del Sarato, 2 by Tintoretto,
10 by Albrecht Durer, 1 by Peter (the droll) Brudghel, 1 by his son
Peter (hell fire) Brueghel, 2 by Titian, 17 by Denis Calvaret
Other paintings by artists included:Dosso Dossi, Vasari, Varavaggio,
Parmiginino, Mantega, Lucas Cranch, and Jacob Jordaens
The collectin included 4,700 copper and wood engravings and 122 bronzes.
It included 104 coper plates and 350 prints from wood-cuts by Durer.
Von Praun bought it from the heirs of Wencslas Jammitzer who obtained
them directly from Durer and from his younger brother Andre.
The collection also included a large number of drawings by: 18 by Michelangelo
3 by Denis Calvaret, 5 by annibale Carracci, 4 by Domenichino, 8 by
Dosso Dossi, 30 by Guilo Romano, 4 by Andrea Mantega, 29 by Raphael 15 by Albrecht
Durer, 4 by A ndrea del Sarto , 4 by Albrecht Altdorfer, 12 by Pamigianino,
4 by Lucas Cranach, 15 by Martin Schongauer, 5 by Tintoretto, and many others
by Vasari, Lucas van Leyden, Guercino, Primaticcio, Correggio, Titian. There are
presently in the Budapest Museum of Fine Arts
many fine drawings from the von Praun Collection, and foremost among them
are some drawings from scongauer's workshop, including "Annunciation",
2 sketches by Durer, Baldung Grien and Altdorfer.
1803 Von Praun Collection sold to J.F.Fruenholz (1758-1822)
1803 The entire collection was sold to Prince Nikolaus
Esterhazy (1756-1833) with the exception of some
drawings and the models sculpted by Michelangelo. The
647 pieces bought by the Prince were installed in Vienna,
Unfortuanely, during disturbances in Vienna in the mid-nineteenth century,
the major portions (and principal pieces) of the
Esterhazy Collection were
stolen or sold and in 1870 the remmants
were moved to Budapest where they remain today.
1803 Lt. Col Von Gemmingen of Nuremberg.
buys the models from from Frauenholz
1842 Professor Julious Haehnel of Dresden(1811-1891) a
a architect and sculptor while viewing the Gemmingen
collection discovered the models and bought them.
The "Evening" model form the "Phases of Day" in San Lorenzo
was missing. The other models "Day", "Night", and "Dawn"
were in the Gemmingen Collection.
1869 Haehnel sold Medici Madona model to the Kaiser
Fredrick Museum in Berlin Germany
During WW II it was destroyed all except for
the head of the model
1870 Photographs were taken of the Haehnel collection.
1875 Haehnel exhibited his model collection
on in Dresden Germany on the 400 aniversary
of Michelangelo's birth.
1876 Haehnel exhibits models in Florence, Italy.
1891 Haehnel's wife Elise Walter Haehnel ,
inherits the models
190? Haehnel's daughters Anna and Elisabeth Haehnel in Dresden
inherits the models
190? Art collector A. von Bermus of Berlin buys terracotta
model of the "left hand of the Giuliano de Medici" from
the Haehnel Collection
1913 Professor George Lehnert values the model
collectin at 1,472,680 marks. The mark was worth
23 cents in 1913 and worth US $338,716 in 1913.
1913 Henry Thode writes a book about the models in 1913
1922 South West African trust Land Company buys the models from
Ernest Haehnel's estate
1924 40 photographs of the Haechel Collection is
published in a rare german book "Michelangelo, Die errakotten
Aus Der Sammlung Haehnel" by art critic Julius Meier-Graefe
190? Dr. A.B. Heyer buys the models
1938 Hayers 33 Models sold at Christe Auction in London. Only 4 people
owned the models since they were sold in 1803
There were 7 buyers of the models at the 1938 auction.
Some of the 7 buyers:
Dr. A.B. Heyer, who fleeing the nazis bought ? models.
Percival Wolfe.a Montreal mining promoter bought 19 of the models
which later became the Vancouver collection,
Dr Morgenroth who collected European Reanissance Medilions bought a medilions.
Dr. Morgenroth gave his medals collection to the Uviversity of Santa Barbara in 1963.
Eighteen terraccotta models were purchased at that time by Montreal mining promoter
Percival Wolfe. Some came from the Christie's auction, while the remainder were purchased
from a Dr. A.B. Heyer, who, according to a CBC report, was living in London
after "fleeing Nazi persecution in Europe." Wolfe subsequently bequeathed all 18 in the
1950s to his twin sons, Peter and Paul LeBrooy, both of whom later resided in Vancouver.
Paris art dealer Dr. von Frey, acquired one of the
larger models at the Christee auction and resold this
model to a unknown Australian Museum.
18 of the models were purchased by
Montreal mining promoter Percival Wolfe.
Four of the Christie models are sold:
The models "Dawn", "the right arm of christ"
"Pieta in St Peters", and "Right hand of Moses"
is in the Victoiria and ALbert Museum in London
The Chrisite's "Day" model is now in the Museum
of Fine Arts in Houston, Texas
The Christie's terracota plaque is in the Morgenroth Collection
at the University of California at Santa Barbara
Eleven of the models sold in 1938 are not accounted for
This includes the model sold to a Australian Museum.
194? terracotta model of the "left hand of the Giuliano de Medici"
purchesed from daughter of von Bermus and added to the the
Vancouver Collection. the Vancouver collection now has 18 models.
19?? Before his death Percival Wolfe bequeathed the his 18
models to his twin sons, Peter and Paul
LeBrooy, who by that time had moved to
Read more: http://www.vancouversun.com/travel/Blockbuster+donation+Michelangelo+sculptures+turns+into+multi+million+dollar+bust/7875342/story.html#ixzz2azkPsN9g
197? Lebrooy Models inherited by James Lebrooy and his sister
1972 Paul Lebrooy wrote and published a book
called Michelangelo’s Models, to coincide
with a cross-Canada tour sponsored by the
Rothman’s tobacco company.
1973 Rothman Pall Mall Tobacco Company sponsors a Canadian Tour of
the clay statues, after the publication of Lebrooys book Michelangelo's
Models in 1972.
1978 Cascade Gallery in Seattle. The Vancouver Collection
were displayed to the public from Dec/1977 to March/1978.
This is the last time the public has seen the collection.
1994 Oxford University tested four of the models
and dated them to the pre-Renaissance era,
but exactly who created them has never
been definitively established.
1994 The brothers Paul and Peter agreed to split
1996 Paul LeBrooy sold his half of the
collection to a private investment
bank called Corporate House
which put together a syndicate of 66
investors to buy it and donate it
to the Vancouver Musuem in 1977 for a tax
credit of $17.8. It was apprassied
by three experts in secret. The lowest
estimate was taken
1999 Paul died and his half of the
collection passed to his wife Enid.
2006 Enid asks Corporate House to arrange for a
a consortium of investors to buy the
models and donate them to the
Vancouver musuem for a tax credit
of $13.5 million
2010 Lebrooy Collection is currently under study for display or sale.
Hopefully, the public will be able to view it before 2100.
2013 The Vancouver museum decides to flip the
models for $31 million in cash. It asks Soethby's in New
York to sell 9 of the models. Sotheby's
says the models are not by Michelagelo but by
Johann Gregor Van der Schardt. The models
do not sell at auction January 31, 2013.
2015 The Museum of Vancouver sold the 9 Sotheby's models
to Amsterdam’s famous
Rijksmuseum Museum for less than $200,000 (U.S.).
The sale actually was completed in the spring of 2013,
but neither museum annouced it till June 1, 2015.
2016? The Vancouver museum plans to sell
the other half of the models in 2016 when the 10-year
waiting period expires probably to the Rijksmuseum Museum.