Timeine for Michelangelo Models in the Von Praun Collection...Provenance

1475  Michelangelo (1475-1564) creates hundreds of models
      in clay, wax, and stucco for his sculptures, buildings,
      and paintings.

1531  Michelangelo gives his student Antonio Mini
      two large boxes of models.  Mini takes the
      models to Paris and dies shortly after ariving there.

1532  Florintine Sculptor Giovanni Rustici(1474-1554)
      happened to be in Paris at the time, when Mini died.
      Rustici, returned some of the models, probably the 40, to Florence
      Italy. As a student Rustici would have recognized the
      work of his teacher Michelangelo. He probably took the
      smallest models that would survive the trip back to Italy.

1533  Michelangelo summoned the sculptor Ribolo(1485-1550)
      to Florence from Loreto and gave him the allegorical
      figure of Earth and Heaven to work on for the Medici Chapel

1564  Michelangelo dies.  A few weeks before he dies Michelangelo orders
      all his drawings, sketches, and models be destroyed.  The Sistine
      cartoon were destroyed as were many other works of art.  Michelangelo
      did this because he did not want others to know how he worked.

15??  Tintoretto(1518-1594) ended up with some of
      the models who made sketches
      of them and used them in the background of some of his
      paintings after Miochelangelo died.

15??  Johann Gregor Van der Schardt also may have
      acquired some of the models after the masters

158?  Vasari gets the collection

1598  Either Vasari's  heir,  Chevalier George Vasari
      or Johann Gregor Van der Schardt (according to
      Soethby's   sell the model collection
      the rich Silk king"
      Paul Van Pruan(1548-1616) in Bologna, Italy. Praun was collecting artifacts of
      famous artists of the time.

1616  At his death, Von Prauns art collection was moved
      to his heirs in Nuremberg, Germany, as a "Family Trust"
      according to Von Prauns will said the art collection could never
      be sold. After his death and untill it was sold
      nothing was added to the collecttion.
      The collection  became a privately owned
      treasure of that city and was known as the famous "Praunsche Kabinett".

1797  Charistophe Theophile Murr compiles a catalogue of the items in
      the Von Praun Collection. According to the the Murr Catalgue
      Von Pruan collection included over 250 paintings; 2 by Raphael,
      1 byLeonardo de Vinci, 2 by Andrea del Sarato, 2 by Tintoretto,
      10 by Albrecht Durer, 1 by Peter (the droll)  Brudghel,  1 by his son
      Peter (hell fire) Brueghel, 2 by Titian, 17 by Denis Calvaret

      Other paintings by artists included:Dosso Dossi, Vasari, Varavaggio,
      Parmiginino, Mantega,   Lucas Cranch, and Jacob Jordaens

      The collectin included 4,700 copper and wood engravings and 122 bronzes.
      It included 104 coper plates and 350 prints from wood-cuts  by Durer.
      Von Praun  bought it from the heirs of Wencslas Jammitzer who obtained
      them directly from Durer and from his younger brother Andre.

      The collection also included a large number of drawings by: 18 by Michelangelo
      3 by Denis Calvaret, 5 by annibale Carracci, 4 by  Domenichino,  8 by
      Dosso Dossi, 30 by Guilo Romano, 4 by Andrea Mantega, 29 by Raphael 15 by Albrecht
      Durer, 4 by A ndrea del Sarto , 4 by Albrecht Altdorfer, 12 by Pamigianino,
      4 by Lucas Cranach, 15 by Martin Schongauer, 5 by Tintoretto, and many others
      by Vasari, Lucas van Leyden, Guercino, Primaticcio, Correggio, Titian.  There are
      presently in the Budapest Museum of Fine Arts
      many fine drawings from the von Praun Collection, and foremost among them
      are some drawings from  scongauer's workshop, including "Annunciation",
      2 sketches by Durer, Baldung Grien and Altdorfer.

1803  Von Praun Collection sold to J.F.Fruenholz (1758-1822)

1803  The entire collection was sold to Prince Nikolaus
      Esterhazy (1756-1833) with the exception of some
      drawings and the models sculpted by Michelangelo. The
      647 pieces bought by the Prince were installed in Vienna,

      Unfortuanely, during disturbances in Vienna in the mid-nineteenth century,
      the major portions (and principal pieces) of the
      Esterhazy Collection were
      stolen or sold and in 1870 the remmants
      were moved to Budapest where they remain today.

1803  Lt. Col Von Gemmingen of Nuremberg.
      buys the models from  from Frauenholz

1842  Professor Julious Haehnel of Dresden(1811-1891) a
      a architect and sculptor while viewing the Gemmingen
      collection discovered the models and bought them.
      The "Evening" model form the "Phases of Day" in San Lorenzo
      was missing. The other models "Day", "Night", and "Dawn"
      were in the Gemmingen Collection.

1869  Haehnel sold Medici Madona model to the Kaiser
      Fredrick Museum in Berlin Germany
      During WW II it was destroyed all except for
      the head of the model

1870  Photographs were taken of the Haehnel collection.

1875  Haehnel exhibited his model collection
      on in Dresden Germany on the 400 aniversary
      of Michelangelo's birth.

1876  Haehnel exhibits models in Florence, Italy.

1891  Haehnel's wife Elise Walter Haehnel ,
      inherits the models

190?  Haehnel's daughters Anna and Elisabeth Haehnel in Dresden
      inherits the models

190?  Art collector A. von Bermus of Berlin buys terracotta
      model of the "left hand of the Giuliano de Medici" from
      the Haehnel Collection

1913  Professor George Lehnert  values the model
      collectin at 1,472,680 marks. The mark was worth
      23 cents in 1913  and worth US $338,716 in 1913.

1913  Henry Thode writes a book about the models in 1913

1922  South West African trust Land Company buys the models from
      Ernest Haehnel's estate

1924  40 photographs of the Haechel Collection is
      published in a rare german book "Michelangelo, Die errakotten
      Aus Der Sammlung Haehnel" by art critic Julius Meier-Graefe

190?  Dr. A.B. Heyer buys the models

1938  Hayers 33 Models sold at Christe Auction in London. Only 4 people
      owned the models since they were sold in 1803
      There were 7 buyers of the models at the 1938 auction.

      Some of the 7 buyers:

Dr. A.B. Heyer, who fleeing the nazis bought ? models.
      Percival Wolfe.a Montreal mining promoter bought 19 of the models
      which later became the Vancouver collection,

      Dr Morgenroth who collected European Reanissance Medilions bought a medilions. 
      Dr. Morgenroth gave his medals collection to the Uviversity of Santa Barbara in 1963.

Eighteen terraccotta models were purchased at that time by Montreal mining promoter 
Percival Wolfe. Some came from the Christie's auction, while the remainder were purchased 
from a Dr. A.B. Heyer, who, according to a CBC report, was living in London 
after "fleeing Nazi persecution in Europe." Wolfe subsequently bequeathed all 18 in the 
1950s to his twin sons, Peter and Paul LeBrooy, both of whom later resided in Vancouver.

Paris art dealer Dr. von Frey, acquired one of the larger models at the Christee auction and resold this model to a unknown Australian Museum. 18 of the models were purchased by Montreal mining promoter Percival Wolfe. Four of the Christie models are sold: The models "Dawn", "the right arm of christ" "Pieta in St Peters", and "Right hand of Moses" is in the Victoiria and ALbert Museum in London England The Chrisite's "Day" model is now in the Museum of Fine Arts in Houston, Texas The Christie's terracota plaque is in the Morgenroth Collection at the University of California at Santa Barbara Eleven of the models sold in 1938 are not accounted for This includes the model sold to a Australian Museum. 194? terracotta model of the "left hand of the Giuliano de Medici" purchesed from daughter of von Bermus and added to the the Vancouver Collection. the Vancouver collection now has 18 models. 19?? Before his death Percival Wolfe bequeathed the his 18 models to his twin sons, Peter and Paul LeBrooy, who by that time had moved to Vancouver. Read more: http://www.vancouversun.com/travel/Blockbuster+donation+Michelangelo+sculptures+turns+into+multi+million+dollar+bust/7875342/story.html#ixzz2azkPsN9g 197? Lebrooy Models inherited by James Lebrooy and his sister 1972 Paul Lebrooy wrote and published a book called Michelangelo’s Models, to coincide with a cross-Canada tour sponsored by the Rothman’s tobacco company. 1973 Rothman Pall Mall Tobacco Company sponsors a Canadian Tour of the clay statues, after the publication of Lebrooys book Michelangelo's Models in 1972. 1978 Cascade Gallery in Seattle. The Vancouver Collection were displayed to the public from Dec/1977 to March/1978. This is the last time the public has seen the collection. 1994 Oxford University tested four of the models and dated them to the pre-Renaissance era, but exactly who created them has never been definitively established. 1994 The brothers Paul and Peter agreed to split the collection. 1996 Paul LeBrooy sold his half of the collection to a private investment bank called Corporate House which put together a syndicate of 66 investors to buy it and donate it to the Vancouver Musuem in 1977 for a tax credit of $17.8. It was apprassied by three experts in secret. The lowest estimate was taken 1999 Paul died and his half of the collection passed to his wife Enid. 2006 Enid asks Corporate House to arrange for a a consortium of investors to buy the models and donate them to the Vancouver musuem for a tax credit of $13.5 million 2010 Lebrooy Collection is currently under study for display or sale. Hopefully, the public will be able to view it before 2100. 2013 The Vancouver museum decides to flip the models for $31 million in cash. It asks Soethby's in New York to sell 9 of the models. Sotheby's says the models are not by Michelagelo but by Johann Gregor Van der Schardt. The models do not sell at auction January 31, 2013. 2015 The Museum of Vancouver sold the 9 Sotheby's models to Amsterdam’s famous Rijksmuseum Museum for less than $200,000 (U.S.). The sale actually was completed in the spring of 2013, but neither museum annouced it till June 1, 2015. 2016? The Vancouver museum plans to sell the other half of the models in 2016 when the 10-year waiting period expires probably to the Rijksmuseum Museum.